A case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in a dog with an ulcerative lesion on the right limb during a post-operative period of castration was described for the first time. The macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the fungal colonies growth on the Sabouraud‑dextrose agar were detailed. The fungus was identified as Aureobasidium pullulans on the basis of the phenotypic analysis, which was confirmed by sequencing of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) region of rDNA. The patient might have acquired the infection through traumatic inoculation by environmental contact, along with the immunological condition during the stressful period of postoperative. The spontaneous remission of the lesion was observed in five weeks without antifungal treatment. This work highlights the importance of considering the pathogenic potential of this environmental fungus and the need of including it in the differential diagnosis of cutaneous lesions in dogs.
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