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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Cover letter

    Submission of a manuscript should be accompanied by a cover letter explicitly stating that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

  • Anonymised file with the manuscript

    The file with the manuscript should not contain any reference to authors’ names and affiliation.

  • Abstract

    Please provide an abstract no longer than 200 words. The abstract should clearly describe the topic of the paper, methods and results. Abstracts should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

  • Keywords

    Please provide up to eight keywords, which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should be arranged in alphabetic order and separated by a comma.

  • Figures, graphs & tables

    For the best quality final product, authors are required to submit tables, graphs, photographs, line drawings, etc. in an electronic format separately form the file of the manuscript and in the formats specified below. Such files will then be produced to the highest standards with the greatest accuracy to detail. The published work will directly reflect the quality of the provided files. Tables are assigned Roman numerals and figures Arabic numerals.

    Tables and figures will be printed as a single column (7,6 cm or 2.99") or over the full width of the page (16 cm or 6.3"). Figures will be reduced where possible.


    Photographs, diagrams, graphs, maps and drawings are considered as figures.

    They should be submitted individually using the original format, e.g. jpg, tiff, eps, xls, etc.

    If a figure has been published previously, the original source should be acknowledged after written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material has been received.

    Each figure should be formatted so that it occupies no more space than is necessary to convey critical information; no margins or borders should appear around figures.

    Scale bar or magnification information should be included for all micrographs.  

    Vector graphics may be created with Illustrator®, FreeHand®, Corel Draw™, Inkscape (open source) and should be saved/exported as EPS file at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

    Raster graphics can originate from scanned figures, digital photos, electron microscope, etc. or they can be create with Photoshop®, GIMP (open source), or similar, and should be saved as PSD, TIF, JPG or PNG file at a minimum resolution of 600 dpi. PSD files should be with open levels. When saving files as TIF, always use LZW (Lempel-Ziv-Welch) compression to reduce file size and to ensure no data is lost.


    Graphs should be created using Microsoft Excel®. Data used to create the graph must be included in the file in which the figure is presented. The editor should be able to make changes to the colour, text, background fill, etc. 


    Each table should be numbered consecutively (I, II, III) according to the order of citation in the text.

    Numbers within tables should be rounded to the nearest whole number or significant digit. Numbers smaller than 1 should include a zero to the left of the decimal point.

    Tables should be as simple as possible and be composed entirely of text characters. Large or complex tables or tables that include graphics should be submitted as figures. If in doubt, please contact the journal for advice. 

  • Reviewers

    Authors are kindly invited to name up to three international experts, whom the scientific board may invite to review the manuscript. Please, note that the scientific board may as well disregard the authors' suggestions. The suggestion for the possible referees may be sent both using the window 'Comments to the Editor' during the first step of the submission process and by emailing the associate editors.

  • Running title

    Authors are kindly invited to suggest the running title both using the window 'Comments to the Editor' during the first step of the submission process and by emailing the associate editors.

Author Guidelines

Authors are required to register and to follow the submission procedure. The file with the manuscript should be completely anonymised but all author's name are required in submission by clicking the Add Contributors link. This will open a new window with fields to enter their information.

A separate file for each figure (.jpeg), graphs (.xlsx) and table should also be submitted as specified in the section ‘Table and Figures’. Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Authors are kindly invited to name up to three international experts, whom the scientific board may invite to review the manuscript. Please, note that the scientific board may as well disregard the authors' suggestions. The suggestion for the possible referees may be sent both using the window 'Comments to the Editor' during the first step of the submission process and by emailing the associate editors.

3. References
Authors should pay particular attention to the accuracy of references and should ensure that all references are cited in the text. Publication delays will be caused if references are not formatted correctly. Thomson Reuters has published an online EndNote® style for Veterinaria Italiana, authors are strongly encouraged to use this tool for formatting the references of their submissions.
Meeting abstracts, summaries, submitted and unpublished manuscripts cannot be included as references. All personal communications and unpublished data should be presented within brackets in the body of the text without a reference number. Provide the initial/s, followed by the family name/s, and ‘personal communication’ or ‘unpublished data’, i.e. ‘(A.B. Smith and G.W. Winter, unpublished data)’. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission for such citations.
Only references that can be accessed should be listed. URL addresses can be added.
Citation within the text should be placed in round brackets following the (author year) format. Each entry in the reference list should include the name, initial/s of all authors, year of publication, full title, journal or publisher, volume and issue or location of publisher and page numbers, as shown in the examples below. Conference proceedings should give the place and dates of the meeting, in addition to the information listed above.
If a manuscript has been accepted but does not yet have citation information, the name of the journal in which the paper will be published should be given, followed by ‘(in press)’. The same applies to an ‘in press’ book reference, which should include the name and location of the publisher.

3.1 References examples

Journal article (list all authors, and all initials, irrespective of number)
Flanagan M. & Johnson S.J.B.W. 1995. The effects of vaccination of Merino ewes with an attenuated Australian bluetongue virus serotype 23 at different stages of gestation. Aust Vet J, 72, 455-457.

Journal article published ahead of print
Colaro Z.A., Bellis Z.P., Alsom A.R. & Stone P.G. 2006. Teratogenicity of a mutagenised Rift Valley fever virus (MVP 12) in sheep. Biol Reprod, 9 January 2006, 10.0306/ biolreprod.103.019364.

Chapter in an edited book or Conference proceedings (include all authors and editors)
Smith G., Steele A., Giacometti K. Dimitoglou B. & Dupré W. 2007. The threat of bovine tuberculosis for the lion (Panthera leo) in southern Africa. In Proc. 5th Pan-African Conference on animal diseases, Harare, 13-16 March 2006. Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise ‘G. Caporale’, Teramo (in press).

Chapter in edited book
Mertens P.P.C. 1999. Orbivirus and Coltivirus. In Encyclopedia of virology, 2nd Ed. (A. Granoff & R.G. Webster, eds). Academic Press, London, 1043-1074.

Conference proceedings
Johnson S.J., Hoffman D., Flanagan M., Polkinghorne I.G. & Bellis G.A. 1992. Clinico-pathology of Australian bluetongue viruses for sheep. In Bluetongue, African horse sickness and related orbiviruses (T.E. Walton & B.I. Osburn, eds). Proc. Second International Symposium, Paris, 17‑21 June 1991. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 737-743.

Online publication
Institute for Animal Health 2005. The RNAs and proteins of dsRNA viruses (P.P.C. Mertens & D.H. Bamford, eds). (www.iah.bbsrc.ac.uk/dsRNA_virus_proteins/ accessed on 3 October 2005).

Theses and dissertations
Delécolle J.-C. 1985. Nouvelle contribution à l’étude systematique et iconographique des espèces du genre Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) du nord-est de la France. Thesis, Université Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg, UER Sciences, Vie et Terre, 238 pp.

Legal texts
Reference to legal text should not be added to the reference list but reported in a footnote following this example:

European Commission (EC) 2003. Commission Regulation of 4 August 2003 amending Regulation (EC) No. 174/1999 laying down special detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 804/68 as regards export licences and export refunds in the case of milk and milk products (EC/1392/2003). Off J, L 197, 05/08/2003, 3-4.

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